Solving How Many Grams of NaOH (MW = 40.0) Are There in 500.0 Ml of a 0.175 M NaOH Solution?
Have you ever wondered how to determine the number of grams of NaOH in a given solution? Today, I’m here to shed some light on this topic. In this article, we’ll tackle the question of how many grams of NaOH (MW = 40.0) are present in a 500.0 mL solution with a concentration of 0.175 M.
To solve this problem, we need to utilize some basic chemistry principles and calculations. By knowing the molecular weight (MW) of NaOH and the molarity (M) of the solution, we can easily determine the mass of NaOH present in a specific volume.
Now, let’s break it down: First, we need to calculate the number of moles using the formula Moles = Molarity × Volume (in liters). Since our volume is given in milliliters, we’ll convert it to liters by dividing by 1000. Once we have the moles, we can multiply them by the molecular weight to find the mass in grams.
Stay with me as I guide you through each calculation necessary to determine how many grams of NaOH are there in 500.0 mL of a 0.175 M NaOH solution. By following these steps, you’ll be able to solve similar problems effortlessly in no time.
How Many Grams of NaOH (MW = 40.0) Are There in 500.0 Ml of a 0.175 M NaOH Solution?
Molarity is a fundamental concept in chemistry that measures the Concentration of a solute in a solution. It is defined as the number of moles of solute per liter of solution. In other words, it tells us how much solute is dissolved in a given solvent volume.
Let’s break down this concept into simpler terms:
- Moles: A mole is a unit used to measure the amount of substance. It represents 6.022 x 10^23 particles, known as Avogadro’s number.
- Solute: This refers to the substance that gets dissolved in a solution. In our case, it’s NaOH (sodium hydroxide).
- Solvent: The solvent is the substance in which the solute dissolves. It’s not mentioned here, but we can assume it to be water.
- Concentration: Concentration describes how much solute there is relative to the amount of solvent or solution.
Now let’s dive deeper into molarity and its formula:
Molarity (M) = moles of solute/liters of solution
To understand this better, let’s consider an example:
Suppose we have 500.0 mL (or 0.500 L) of a NaOH solution with a concentration of 0.175 M.
We can use this information to calculate the number of moles present in this volume:
moles = molarity x volume
moles = 0.175 M x 0.500 L moles = 0.0875 mol
Understanding molarity allows us to accurately measure and manipulate chemical solutions for various applications such as titrations, dilutions, and stoichiometric calculations.
Calculating the Number of Moles in a Solution
To determine the number of moles in a solution, we need to use the information about the Concentration and volume. In this case, we are trying to determine how many grams of NaOH (MW = 40.0) are present in 500.0 mL of a 0.175 M NaOH solution.
First, let’s break down the steps involved:
1. Convert the volume from milliliters (mL) to liters (L):
- Given: Volume = 500.0 mL
- Conversion: 1 L = 1000 mL
- Calculation: Volume = 500.0 mL ÷ 1000 = 0.5 L
2. Calculate the number of moles using the formula: Moles = Concentration × Volume
- Given: Concentration = 0.175 M Volume = 0.5 L
- Calculation: Moles = 0.175 M × 0.5 L = 0.0875 moles
3. Convert moles to grams using the molar mass:
- Given: Molar mass of NaOH (MW) = 40 g/mol Moles of NaOH=moles Calculation : Grams=moles * MW
Molarity is a crucial concept in chemistry that helps us understand the Concentration of a solute in a solution. By knowing the molarity and volume of a solution, we can calculate the number of moles and grams of the solute present. This understanding forms the basis for many chemical calculations and experimental procedures.