GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF BEEF |
Beef is a type of meat that is eaten by humans and other animals. Beef is the flesh of cattle, and sometimes horses, that have been slaughtered for meat.
Beef cattle are a type of domesticated ruminant, raised for meat and dairy products. The general characteristics of beef cattle include that they have four-chambered stomachs, which allow them to digest cellulose from plant material.
BEEF is the meat of a killed steer, cow, or other mature bovine animal, as is often known. These animals may be sold as early as 1-1/2 to 2 years old for slaughter, but the highest grade beef is produced when they are 3 to 4 years old.
- Beef is classified as prime, extra fancy, fancy, extra choice, choice, good, and poor by the butcher, with prime being the greatest grade and poor being the lowest. In a market with a wide and diverse commerce, it is feasible to utilize meat in such a way that better quality meat fetches a greater price than in other marketplaces.
- The quantity, quality, and color of the flesh, bone, and fat must all be evaluated when determining the quality of beef. A newly cut piece of beef should have a brilliant red hue on the surface. When blood is exposed to air for a period of time, the air’s effect on the blood leads it to darken, although this hue should still be a nice clear red.
- A person who knows the criteria of excellent meat will be suspicious of any odd hue. The easiest way to get the highest grade beef is to cut it crosswise of the fiber. In reality, the manner meat is sliced has a large role in determining the difference between soft and tough flesh, as well as the price paid.
- Examining the surface of a cut reveals this difference immediately. The delicate portions of the flesh are made up of short fibers that run straight across at right angles to the surface, while the harder parts have long fibers that run slanting or nearly parallel to the surface.
- The quantity of bone and cartilage in a cut of beef in relation to the amount of flesh affects the price and the piece’s utility to the housewife. As a result, they are issues that need to be carefully addressed.
- For example, a cut of beef suited for roasting may cost a few cents less than another cut, but if its percentage of bone to flesh is higher than the more costly one, buying it is pointless.
- Bones, on the other hand, have some value and may be used in a variety of ways. Solid bones are less useful for soups, stews, and gravies than those with marrow, which is the soft substance found in the cavities of bones and is mainly comprised of fat.
- The fat in young beef in excellent condition has a creamy white hue. The hue darkens as the animal gets older, eventually becoming a deep yellow.
- In addition to the meat, bone, and fat, the overall shape and thickness of a piece of beef should be considered when determining its quality. Furthermore, its suitability to the purpose for which it is chosen, as well as the technique of cooking to be employed in its preparation, are important considerations.
- With the basic qualities of beef in mind, you should be prepared to study about how the cow is sliced to create the numerous parts seen in the butcher shop, as well as the names given to the various cuts.
- The way the animal is sliced and the names given to the parts vary by region, but the differences aren’t significant enough to be confusing. As a result, if you fully grasp the knowledge presented here, you will be able to choose beef wisely in any part of the nation.
- The cheaper cuts are located around the neck, legs, and shins, and the portions rise in price as they move toward the rear. This is an essential thing for her to remember when it comes buying meat of any sort.
- The following is a typical technique for chopping up a whole cow into big pieces. The corpse is sliced down along the spine and split into halves after the head, feet, and intestines are removed.
- A side of beef is made up of two halves that each contain a full side. Then, following the diagonal line that runs about halfway between the front and rear, each side is split into fore and hind sections.
- The meat is typically sent to the butcher in this condition. He divides it into big parts first, then slices them into many smaller pieces with names that indicate where they go.
- The following are the cuts that can be made from these bigger pieces. Several cuts, including as the neck, shoulder clod, shoulder, and chuck ribs, are obtained from the chuck. The same can be said about the rest of the components.
CUTS: NAMES AND APPLICATIONS
The butcher slices each of these big parts into smaller pieces to make them acceptable for sale to the customer. The names of these cuts, as well as the names of the beef organs and their functions, are listed in Table II.
|LARGE PIECE’S NAME||NAME OF CUT NAME OF CUT NAME OF CUT NAME OF CUT NAME OF||CUTS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS|
|Chuck||Neck||Soups, broths, and stews are all delicious options.|
|Clod on the shoulder||Boiling, corning, soups, broths, stews|
|Ribs||Poor roasts, brown stews, and braising|
|Shoulder||Soups, stews, and cornbread, and roasts are all options.|
|Brisket||Soups, stews, and cornbread|
|Ribs de Prime||Ribs||Roasts|
|a whole plate||Plate||Soups, stews, and cornbread|
|Navel||Soups, stews, corning|
|Loin||Steak that is cut short||Steaks and roasts are popular choices.|
|Cuts from the porterhouse||Steaks and roasts are popular choices.|
|Steak from the hip bone||Steaks and roasts are popular choices.|
|Steak with a flat bone||Steaks and roasts are popular choices.|
|Steak with a round bone||Steaks and roasts are popular choices.|
|Sirloin de boeuf (top sirloin)||Roasts|
|Flank||Steak rolled, braised, and boiled|
|Upper tier||Steaks and roasts are popular choices.|
|Lowering the round||Steaks, pot roasts, and stews are all popular choices.|
|Vein||Soups and stews|
Beef is a type of meat that comes from cattle, and it has physical characteristics such as the color of its flesh. Reference: physical characteristics of meat.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are desirable characteristics for beef cattle?
Beef cattle are often bred for traits such as feed efficiency, carcass weight, and marbling.
What are the physical characteristics of a cow?
A cow is a bovine mammal. It has large, floppy ears and a long, pendulous, hairy tail. Its coat is typically black or brown in color with white markings on its face. Cows are herbivores that consume grasses and other plant matter.
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