Principles of Stock Making |
This article discusses the principles of stock making. The first principle is that all stocks are made up of a combination of ingredients, and the second is that stocks should be as close as possible to their natural state.
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All stocks are subject to the following guidelines. You should stick to them if you want to get the best-quality stocks.
A. Begin by making the stock in cold water.
Always keep the components submerged in cold water. Blood and other impurities dissolve when bones are submerged in cold water. Impurities coagulate and rise to the top of the water as it warms, where they may be readily skimmed away. If the bones were submerged in hot water, the impurities would coagulate more rapidly and stay distributed throughout the stock, rather than rising to the surface, clouding it.
Add water to cover the bones if the water level dips below them during cooking. Flavor can’t be recovered from bones that haven’t been submerged in water, and bones that have been exposed to the air will darken and discolor a white stock.
B. Bring the stock to a boil. Gently
Bring the stock to a boil, then reduce to a low heat, keeping the temperature about 185°F (85°C). The tastes of the components are released into the liquid as they simmer. The liquid will stay clear as it decreases and a stock forms if maintained at a low simmer.
Never boil a stock for more than a few minutes. When a stock is rapidly boiled, even for a few minutes, contaminants and lipids mix with the liquid, making it murky.
C. Keep a close eye on the stock.
To remove the fat and contaminants that come to the top while cooking, a stock should be skimmed often. If they aren’t eliminated, the stock may get hazy.
D. Carefully strain the stock
Making Stocks: Principles and Procedures The liquid from a stock must be separated from the bones, vegetables, and other solid components after it has finished simmering. It is critical not to disrupt the solid components while draining the liquid in order to maintain the liquid clear. If the stock is heated in a steam kettle or stockpot with a spigot at the bottom, this is simple to do.
If the stock is made in a conventional stockpot, strain it as follows:
1. Remove the stockpot from the heat and skim off as much fat and contaminants as possible from the surface.
2.Carefully ladle the stock from the saucepan once it has been removed from the heat, without disturbing it.
3 Strain the stock through several layers of cheesecloth in a china cap.
E. Quickly cool the stock
The majority of stocks are made in big batches, chilled, and stored for later use. When chilling a stock, extreme caution must be used to avoid food-borne disease or spoilage. The following method may be used to rapidly and safely chill a stock:
1. Use a metal container to store the stock. The stock is insulated and cooled more slowly in a plastic container.
2. Place the stockpot on blocks or a rack in an empty sink to vent it. When the sink is full of water, this enables water to flow on all sides and below the pot.
3.Install an overflow pipe in the drain and fill the sink with cold water, ice, or a mix of the two. Make sure the stockpot’s weight is sufficient to prevent it from toppling over.
4. Fill the sink with cold water and empty the overflow line. Stir the stock often to ensure that it cools evenly and quickly.
F. Properly store the stock
Transfer the stock to a sterilized covered container (either plastic or metal) and store it in the refrigerator after it has cooled. Fat rises to the surface of the stock as it cools and solidifies. This layer of fat, if kept intact, aids in the preservation of the stock. Stocks may be kept refrigerated for up to one week or frozen for many months.
G. Clean and degrease the stock
It’s easy to degrease a stock: fat rises to the surface of the stock when it’s chilled, solidifies, and can be simply removed or scraped away before it’s reheated.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What are the principles of preparing stock?
The principles of preparing stock are to do a general inventory, check expiration dates and sell items that have been in the store for too long.
What are the 4 qualities of stock?
There are 4 qualities of stock. They are: 1) Common stock 2) Preferred stock 3) P-1 preferred stock 4) P-1 common stock
What are the 4 types of stocks in cooking?
The four types of stocks are chicken, beef, fish and vegetable.
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