What Causes Insomnia and How to Prevent It

A man who doesn't know what causes insomnia.

Nowadays, many individuals have insomnia. This condition is characterized by an inability to fall asleep, to remain asleep during the night, and to sleep as late as one would want into the morning. Adverse impacts from sleep deprivation are ubiquitous and can include daily tiredness, an increased risk of accidents, and generally poor health. And even though most of us have had at least one sleepless night in our lives, it’s essential to know what causes insomnia and how to prevent it from staying healthy and productive.

What Causes Insomnia?

As we’ve already stated, individuals suffering from insomnia have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Interestingly, women and the elderly are at a greater risk of suffering from this condition.

Some of the symptoms of insomnia are:

· sleep disturbances, including difficulties falling asleep,

· awakening many times throughout the night,

· finding it difficult to get back to sleep,

· waking up too early.

For a limited period, some people have trouble sleeping because of stress or anxiety. However, people occasionally have problems falling or staying asleep for at least three months, resulting in poor daytime functioning and a chronic insomnia disorder diagnosis. However, there are many different types of chronic insomnia.

Types of Insomnia

The main differentiation of insomnia types is primary insomnia and secondary insomnia.

1. Primary insomnia – Your sleep issues are primary if they are not related to any secondary conditions or issues.

2. Secondary insomnia – If you’re having difficulties sleeping, it may be due to a secondary reason, such as a physical or mental health issue, physical discomfort, a side effect of a drug, or drinking too much.

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Common Causes of Insomnia

The causes of primary and secondary insomnia are different. Primary causes are related to primary insomnia, and secondary causes are related to secondary insomnia.

Primary causes

The most common primary causes of insomnia are environmental factors, such as sound, light, and temperature. You may also experience insomnia after introducing a new work shift or time zone, jet lag, or poor sleep hygiene. Additionally, insomnia can be inherited from your genetics.

Secondary causes

Secondary causes could be anything that is bothering you physically. Things like asthma, depression, arthritis, cancer, or heartburn could all cause you loss of sleep.

Stress and Insomnia

The physical response that stress might cause can interfere with restful sleep. This is one of the most common causes of insomnia in individuals. The workplace, academics, and interpersonal connections can all trigger this stress reaction. Everyday stresses can lead people to turn to substance abuse, which can then aggravate insomnia symptoms further. That’s why experts in addiction recovery from harmonyridgerecovery.com always advise cutting back on substances in order to get quality sleep.

Both mental and physical stress lead to a state of heightened arousal in the body. It may be difficult to interrupt the cycle of stress and sleeplessness if the inability to sleep becomes a cause of stress in and of itself.

How Insomnia is Diagnosed

Your doctor will likely be able to diagnose insomnia merely by talking to you. They will inquire about your usual routines and sleeping schedule, in addition to asking about any relevant medical or family history. Explain your symptoms to your doctor in as much detail as possible.

Keeping a sleep diary or “sleep history” for two weeks is an excellent place to start before consulting a doctor about your insomnia. Please keep track of your bedtime routine, including how long it takes you to fall asleep when you wake up and how often and for how long you wake up during the night.

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Also, take note of your general healthy habits, as well as your unhealthy ones. Your doctor can use this information to diagnose insomnia and treat it effectively.

In addition, you should expect a physical examination from your primary care physician or sleep doctor. Your doctor will examine your vital signs, including heart and lung sounds, and do other standard tests to rule out more serious conditions that might be the root of your sleeplessness.


If your doctor suspects an underlying health issue, like anxiety, is contributing to your lack of sleep, they will first look for the source of the problem and address it.They will likely also advise you on what you can do to have a better night’s rest at home. A cognitive behavioral therapy called cognitive behavioral treatment for insomnia (CBT-I) could be helpful in some instances. This form of psychotherapy involves talking about your sleep problems to help you change your negative patterns of thought and behavior. Often the first line of defense, it can help you get better sleep and keep it that way.

Prescribed sleeping pills should only be taken as a last option for as short as possible. This is because they have many adverse side effects and don’t address the root of your sleeplessness. They can also cause addiction, possibly forcing you to get Benzodiazepine Rehab. Then, along with fighting insomnia, you will have to fight to reclaim your sobriety. And the worst thing is- stopping the sleeping pills can cause even worse insomnia. So, always be wary of taking these pills, and follow your doctor’s instructions very carefully.


There are some steps you can take to try to prevent your insomnia.

· Maintain a regular bedtime routine- Keep a regular sleep/wake schedule, even on the weekends.

· Stay active – The quality of your sleep benefits from your regular routine of physical activity.

· Get rid of caffeine, smoking, or alcohol – All of these substances can cause insomnia.

· Prepare your bedroom so that you can relax and fall asleep easily- Don’t let the light in, and make sure it’s nice, quiet, and warm in here.

· Seek out some downtime activities- Develop a soothing routine before bedtime, like a warm bath, a good book, some soothing music, deep breathing, or a yoga session.

Final words

Many people struggle with sleeplessness. Different problems with one’s physical or mental health might cause this. They can be caused by things like shift work or consuming too much coffee or alcohol, as well as, in rare cases, be the result of an external trigger. Now that you know what causes insomnia, you can get the perfect treatment for yourself and your loved ones.

Meta: If you’re struggling with sleeplessness and have no idea what causes insomnia, read this article to find out!

Amanda is the proud owner and head cook of her very own restaurant. She loves nothing more than experimenting with new recipes in the kitchen, and her food is always a big hit with customers. Amanda takes great pride in her work, and she always puts her heart into everything she does. She's a hard-working woman who has made it on her own, and she's an inspiration to all who know her.